Archive for November 7th, 2017

Play Colorful console Tetris for Linux Mac and BSD ( bastet )

Tuesday, November 7th, 2017

console-terminal-linux-ascii-game-colorful-tetris-really-cool-way-to-kill-time-as-linux-systemadministrator

Do you remember the bsdgames package which had the good old tetris-bsd – an ASCII tetris for terminal / console along with nethack, hunt and number of other cool ascii games? If you don't you can give a try to install the package if you don't have it yet, install it on Debian Linux / Ubuntu with.

linux:~# apt-get install –yes tetris-bsd

Then launch tetris-bsd like so:

$ /usr/games/tetris-bsd

tetris-bsd-console-tetris-for-linux-and-freebsd

But wait there is more just recently I found out there is a modern colorful version remake of bsd-tetris called bastet

To give it a try install it with apt-get on Deb based Linuces

linux:~# apt-get install bastet
Четене на списъците с пакети… Готово
Изграждане на дървото със зависимости       
Четене на информацията за състоянието… Готово
Следните допълнителни пакети ще бъдат инсталирани:
  libboost-program-options1.55.0
Следните НОВИ пакети ще бъдат инсталирани:
  bastet libboost-program-options1.55.0
0 актуализирани, 2 нови инсталирани, 0 за премахване и 1 без промяна.
Необходимо е да се изтеглят 219 kB архиви.
След тази операция ще бъде използвано 858 kB допълнително дисково пространство.
Искате ли да продължите? [Y/n] Y
Изт:1 http://ftp.uk.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main libboost-program-options1.55.0 amd64 1.55.0+dfsg-3 [143 kB]
Изт:2 http://ftp.uk.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main bastet amd64 0.43-3+b1 [75,7 kB]
Изтеглени 219 kB за 0с (220 kB/сек)     
Предварително настройване на пакети …
Selecting previously unselected package libboost-program-options1.55.0:amd64.
(Reading database … 172280 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack …/libboost-program-options1.55.0_1.55.0+dfsg-3_amd64.deb …
Unpacking libboost-program-options1.55.0:amd64 (1.55.0+dfsg-3) …
Selecting previously unselected package bastet.
Preparing to unpack …/bastet_0.43-3+b1_amd64.deb …
Unpacking bastet (0.43-3+b1) …
Processing triggers for hicolor-icon-theme (0.13-1) …
Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.0.2-5) …
Processing triggers for desktop-file-utils (0.22-1) …
Processing triggers for mime-support (3.58) …
Setting up libboost-program-options1.55.0:amd64 (1.55.0+dfsg-3) …
Setting up bastet (0.43-3+b1) …
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.19-18+deb8u10) …

linux:~$ /usr/games/bastet

bastet-linux-ascii-colorful-console-terminal-tetris-start-screen

FreeBSD users can also install it either via freebsd ports :

freebsd#  cd /usr/ports/games/bastet/ && make install clean

or through binary package with:


freebsd# pkg install bastet

linux-macos-freebsd-play-game-ascii-colorful-tetris-in-console-bsd-bastet

Mac OS X users can also enjoy it but you need to install Mac OS X home brew package manager

Once having brew command install the tiny ASCII tetris game through Mac OS X terminal with:

$ brew install basket

Enjoy bastet 🙂
 

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Where are Apache log files on my server – Apache log file locations on Debian / Ubuntu / CentOS / Fedora and FreeBSD ?

Tuesday, November 7th, 2017

apache-where-are-httpd-access-log-files

Where are Apache log files on my server?

1. Finding Linux / FreeBSD operating system distribtion and version

Before finding location of Apache log files it is useful to check what is the remote / local Linux operating system version, hence

First thing to do when you login to your remote Linux server is to check what kind of GNU / Linux you're dealing with:

cat /etc/issue
cat /etc/issue.net


In most GNU / Linux distributions should give you enough information about the exact Linux distribution and version remote server is running.

You will get outputs like

# cat /etc/issue
SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 10.2 Kernel \r (\m), \l

or

# cat /etc/issue
Debian GNU/Linux 8 \n \l

If remote Linux is Fedora look for fedora-release file:

cat /etc/fedora-release Fedora release 7 (Moonshine)

The proposed freedesktop.org standard with the introduction of systemd across all Linux distributions is

/etc/os-release

 

# cat /etc/os-release
PRETTY_NAME="Debian GNU/Linux 8 (jessie)"
NAME="Debian GNU/Linux"
VERSION_ID="8"
VERSION="8 (jessie)"
ID=debian
HOME_URL="http://www.debian.org/"
SUPPORT_URL="http://www.debian.org/support"
BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.debian.org/"


Once we know what kind of Linux distribution we're dealing with, we can proceed with looking up for standard location of Apache config:

2. Apache config file location for Fedora / CentOS / RHEL and other RPM based distributions

RHEL / Red Hat / CentOS / Fedora Linux Apache access file location
 

/var/log/httpd/access_log


3. Apache config file location for Debian / Ubuntu and other deb based Linux distributions

Debian / Ubuntu Linux Apache access log file location

/var/log/apache2/access.log


4. Apache config file location for FreeBSD

FreeBSD Apache access log file location –

/var/log/httpd-access.log


5. Finding custom Apache access log locations
 

If for some reason the system administrator on the remote server changed default path for each of distributions, you can find custom configured log files through:

a) On Debian / Ubuntu / deb distros:

debian:~# grep CustomLog /etc/apache2/apache2.conf


b) On CentOS / RHEL / Fedora Linux RPM based ones:

[root@centos:  ~]# grep CustomLog /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf


c) On FreeBSD OS

 

freebsd# grep CustomLog /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
 # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    #CustomLog "/var/log/httpd-access.log" common
    CustomLog "/var/log/httpd-access.log" combined

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