Posts Tagged ‘router’

Fix temporary DNS problems on Windows – ipconfig /flushdns

Monday, March 17th, 2014

fix temporary dns issues ipconfig /fush
My internet connection is coming router over a strange Belarusian ADSL modem "Промсвязь". This device serves as ADSL modem and a Wireless Router.
promsviaz_belarusian_adsl_and_wifi_modem

Periodically I'm experiencing issues with DNS, where there is internet but DNS resolving stops woring even though in ipconfig /all I can see DNS settings are proper:

C:\Users\hipo> ipconfig /all

...
Wireless LAN adapter Wireless Network Connection:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Intel(R) Centrino(R) Ultimate-N 6300 AGN
   Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 3C-A9-F4-4C-E7-98
   DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
   Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
   Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : fe80::5d2f:97b8:9e1a:2b13%63(Preferred)
   IPv4 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.100.2(Preferred)
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Lease Obtained. . . . . . . . . . : March 17, 2014 16:57:40 PM
   Lease Expires . . . . . . . . . . : March 18, 2014 16:57:40 PM
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.100.1
   DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.100.1
   DHCPv6 IAID . . . . . . . . . . . : 1094494708
   DHCPv6 Client DUID. . . . . . . . : 00-01-00-01-19-CB-1A-5D-A4-5D-36-5A-EB-84

   DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : 8.8.8.8
                                       192.168.100.1
                                       8.8.4.4

   NetBIOS over Tcpip. . . . . . . . : Enabled

 

The fix to situation is to Restart Promsvijazy and restart my Notebook. As this fix takes a lot of time I found another "work around". Make Windows Flush its DNS servers (forget old DNS servers and re-assign them again)

C:\Users\hipo> ipconfig /flushdns

Windows IP Configuration Successfully flushed the DNS Resolver Cache.


 

Other useful commands to make connection re-initiate completely are:

ipconfig /renew

Renews all Adapter settings (Lan, Wiki, PPP etc.) – re-assign IPs / re-initiate connections and

ipconfig /release

Releases any established connection

Howto remote access Windows PC which is behind Vivacom ADSL (Commtrend SmartAX MT882 router) modem with VNC server

Wednesday, May 11th, 2011

I had been assigned the not easy task to make a Windows XP Pro which is located behind an ADSL modem to be remotely accessible via VNC

The Windows is connected to the Bulgarian Vivacom Intrnet provider through their ADSL service and hence there is an ADSL router modem which is configured to disallow all inbuond connections by default.

The Windows Pro PC where the VNC server was needed to be accessible did not have a real IP address (e.g. was assigned a virtual IP address by the ADSL modem.

The exact ADSL model used to connect the computer via a lan cable to the internet was Huawei SmartAX MT882

As the device is owned by Vivacom (the ex BTK tele communication company) I did not have any admin user and pass credentials for the ADSL modem to configure the ADSL router to do a port NAT forwarding of port 5800 and 5900 used by the VNC software I installed on the PC (TightVNC)

Nevertheless the missing user and password I decided to check in google if I can find some default passwords that Vivacom ADSL modems are configured to work with

After a few minutes spend in Google I already had found few passwords which were said to work fine with the Vivacom ADSL router.
Here are the passwords I found for the Vivacom ADSL Internet modems:

ZTE ZXDSL 832
username: root
password:GSrootaccess

ZTE ZXDSL 831
username:root
password:GSrootaccess

ZTE
username:root
password:831access

Huawei SmartAX MT882
username:root
password:MT882rootaccess

ZTE ZXDSL-531b
username: root
password:warmWLspot

I tried some old school brute force techniques 😉 by trying all the passwords via the ADSL web interface located on http://192.168.1.1 (I was not sure which model the Vivacom ADSL modem is as on the router there was nothing written concerning the modem type but only the Vivacom logo was present.

After a bit of time I already knew that the ADSL modem model, user and pass was:

Huawei SmartAX MT882
-------------------------------
user: root
pass: MT882rootaccess

My next step was to configure port forwarding for the SmartAX MT882 ADSL in order to achieve from modem’s web administrator I had to follow the menus:

Advanced Setup -> Virtual Servers

ADSL virtual servers menu screen

Next in the NAT — Virtual Servers section I pressed the Add button to create new automatic redirection (port forwarding) rule.

Virtual Server port forwarding screenConfiguring ADSL SmartAX MT882 TightVNC NAT port redirection screenTightVNC requires also NAT port redirection rule for port 5900 in order to be able to connect to the VNC server behind the dsl, so analogically I added a Virtual Server NAT rule for port 5900.

Note that the private IP address of the Windows host was assigned by the ADSL router to the ip 192.168.1.3

Further on I expected the adsl port forwarding created rule would now allow me to connect to the VNC server on the pc located behind the dsl firewall, but I was wrong… even though all seemed to be configured just fine in the ADSL router still the port unmbers 5800 and 5900 were showing up as closed during nmap scan as well as a simple telnet connection to port 5800 and 5900 failed to get established.

My logical assumption was that some configured Firewall on the Windows PC is blocking port connections to 5800 and 5900 thus I decided to check the default Windows Firewall settings as a first possible cause for the vnc ports being blocked.

I did that via the Windows menus:

Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> Windows Firewall

However weirly enought it seemed the Windows Firewall was disabled e.g. the Off (not recommended) option was set for the firewall.

A bunch of other lookup over all the running system and services on the windows hosts I have found the PC is protected by NOD32 Antivirus – Personal Firewall

The default behaviour of NOD32’s Persnal firewall was extremely restrictive and I found it’s causing a port filter of the 5800 and 5900 vnc connection ports.

To solve the filtering nod32 did I had to open NOD32 and navigate to the following menus:

Setup -> Personal Firewall -> Configure rules and Zones

In the Zone and rule setup menu config window I had to further press on:
New button to add new personal firewall rule.

In the New rule: menu I filled in the following info:
In the General tab:

Name: vnc
Direction: Both
Action: Allow

In the tab Local

I pressed over the Add Port

Number: 5800

in the Remote tab once again I had to fill in:
Number: 5800

Then to confirm settings just pressed OK

Next on I added in the same manner an allow rule for port 5900.

After this settings I restarted the NOD32 firewall to make sure the new settings takes place by pressing over the Personal firewall button Disable filtering: allow all traffic and right after enabling the firewall once again.

Now remote tightvnc connections to the Windows XP Pro pc works like a charm once again, Thanks God 😉

Selecting Best Wireless channel / Choosing Best Wi-FI channel for Wireless Routers or (How to improve Wireless Network performance)

Monday, February 22nd, 2010

Wireless AP
Below are some valuable advices on Wireless Access Point initial install and configuration to better off your Wireless connection.It’s worthy to note that the 2.4 GHz

Wi-Fi signal range is divided into a number of smaller bands or “channels,” similar to television channels. I decided to run my wireless on channel 12 since this there was no other wireless routers operating on that frequency, though most routers are preconfigured to spread it’s signal on channel 6.

There is a difference in channels available for setup for 802.11b and 802.11g wireless networks in the United States and the European Union. In the USA the wireless channels available are from (1 to 11) whether in the EU it’s in the range of (1-13). Each of the Wireless channels run on a different frequency.

The lower the number of the channel is the lowest the radiating frequence band on which data is transmitted .Subsequently, increasing the channel increases the frequency slightly. Therefore the higher the channel you select on your AP the lesser the overlap with other devices running on the same channel and thus the lesser the possibility to overlap and interference.
It’s quite likely that you experience problems, if you use the default wireless channel which is 6.
If that’s the case it’s recommended to use either channel 1 or channel 11. In case of interference, i.e. overlap with other wireless networks, cellphones etc., there are 2 possible ways to approach the situation. In case of smaller interference, any change in channel on which there is no wireless device running could fix it up. The second way is to choose a wireless channel for your router in between 1,6 or 11 in (The USA) or 1,7,13 in Europe.
Up to 3 networks can run on the same space with minimum interference, therefore it would be a wise idea to check the list of wireless routers in your and check if there are others running on the same frequency.
As I mentioned in the beginning of the post I initially started running my wireless on channel 12, however after I discovered it is recommended to run your wireless router either on channel 1 7 or 13 in Europe I switched my D-Link DI-524 wireless router to transmit it’s signal on Channel 13.

I should testify that after changing the wireless channel, there was quite an improvement in my wireless connection.For instance before I change to Channel 13 (when my wireless internet was still streamed on channel 12) my wireless had constantly issues with disconnects because of low wireless signal.

Back then My wireless located physically in like 35 meters away set in another room, I can see my wireless router hardly connected on like 35%, changing to channel 13 enhanced my connection to the current 60% wireless router availability.

It’s also an interesting fact that Opened Wireless networks had better network thoroughput, so if you’re living in a house with a neighbors a bit distant from your place then you might consider it as a good idea to completely wipe out Wireless Router security encryption and abandon the use of WEP or WPA network encryption.

In case if all of the above is not working for you, you might consider take a close look at your Wireless Wireless LAN pc card and see if there are no any kind of bumps there. Another really interesting fact to know is that many people here in Bulgaria tend to configure there Wireless Access Points on channels either 1,6 or 11 which is quite inadequate considering that we’re in the EU and we should use a wireless channel between 1, 7 or 13 as prescribed for EU citizens.

Another thing not to forget is to place your wireless in a good way and prevent it from interferences with other computer equipment. For example keep the router at least few meters away from PC equipment, printers, scanners, cellphones, microwaves. Also try to put your wireless router on some kind of central place in your home, if you want to have the wireless signal all around your place.

At my place I have a microwave in the Kitchen which is sometimes an obstacle for the Wireless signal to flow properly to my notebook, fortunately this kind of interference happens rare (only when the Microwove is used to warm-up food etc.).Upgrading 802.11b wireless card / router to a better one as 802.11g is a wise idea too. 802.11g are said to be like 5 times faster than 802.11b.

You can expect 802.11b wireless network to transfer maximum between 2-5 Mbp/s whether 802.11g is claimed to transfer at approximately (12 to 23 Mbp/s). If even though the above prescriptions there is no wireless signal at some remote place at your home, you might consider adding a wireless repeater or change the AP router antenna.

By default wireless Routers are designed to be omni-directional (in other terms they broadcast the wireless signal all around the place. Thus is quite unhandy if you intend to use your Wireless net only in certain room or location at your place. If that’s the case for you, you might consider upgrading to a hi-gain antenna that will focus the wireless signal to an exact direction. Let me close this article with a small diagram taken from the net which illustrates a good router placement that will enable you to have a wwireless connection all over your place.

improve wireless router placement diagram