Posts Tagged ‘Device Boot Start End Sectors Size Id Type’

Resize KVM .img QCOW Image file and Create new LVM partition and ext4 filesystem inside KVM Virtual Machine

Friday, November 10th, 2023

LVM-add-space-to-RHEL-Linux-on-KVM_Virtual_machine-howto

Part of migration project for a customer I'm working on is migration of a couple of KVM based Guest virtual machine servers. The old machines has a backup solution stratetegy using IBM's TSM and the new Machines should use the Cheaper solution adopted by the Customer company using the CommVault backup solution (an enterprise software thath is used for data backup and recovery not only to local Tape Library / Data blobs on central backup servers infra but also in Cloud infrastructure.

To install the CommVault software on the Redhat Linux-es, the official install documentation (prepared by the team who prepared the CommVault) infrastructure for the customer recommends to have a separate partition for the CommVault backups under /opt directory  (/opt/commvault) and the partition should be as a minumum at least 10 Gigabytes of size. 

Unfortunately on our new prepared KVM VM guest machines, it was forgotten to have the separate /opt of 10GB prepared in advanced. And we ended up with Virtual Machines that has a / (root directory) of 68GB size and a separate /var and /home LVM parititons. Thus to correct the issues it was required to find a way to add another separate LVM partition inside the KVM VirtualMachine.img (QCOW Image file). 

This seemed to be an easy task at first as that might be possible with simple .img partition mount with losetup command kpartx and simple lvreduce command in some way such as

# mount /dev/loop0 /mnt/test/

# kpartx -a /dev/loop0
# kpartx -l /dev/loop0
# ls -al /dev/mapper/*

… 

# lvreduce 

etc. however unfortunately kpartx though not returning error did not provided the new /dev/mapper devices to be used with LVM tools and this approach seems to not be possible on RHEL 8.8 as the kpartx couldn't list.

 

A colleague of mine Mr. Paskalev suggested that we can perhaps try to mount the partition with default KVM tool to mount .img partitions which is guestmount but unfortunately
with a command like:
 

# guestmount -a /kvm/VM.img -i –rw /mnt/test/

But unfortunately this mounted the filesystem in fuse filesystem and the LVM /dev/mapper of the VM can't be seen so we decided to abondon this method.

After some pondering with Dimitar Paskalev and Dimitar Hristov, thanks to joint efforts we found the way to do it, below are the steps we followed to succeed in creating new LVM ext4 partition required.
One would wonder how many system
 

1. Check enough space is available on the HV machine

 

The VMs are held under /kvm so in this case:

[root@hypervisor-host ~]# df -h|grep -i /kvm
/dev/mapper/vg00-vmprivate  206G   27G  169G  14% /kvm

 

2. Shutdown the running VM and make sure it is stopped
 

[root@hypervisor-host ~]# virsh shutdown vm-host

 

[root@hypervisor-host ~]# virsh list –all
 Id   Name       State
————————–
 4    lpdkv01f   running
 5    vm-host   shut off

 

3. Check current Space status of VM

 

[root@hypervisor-host ~]# qemu-img info /kvm/vm-host.img       
image: /kvm/vm-host.img
file format: qcow2
virtual size: 100 GiB (107374182400 bytes)
disk size: 8.62 GiB
cluster_size: 65536
Format specific information:
    compat: 1.1
    compression type: zlib
    lazy refcounts: true
    refcount bits: 16
    corrupt: false
    extended l2: false

 

4. Resize (extend VM) with whatever size you want    
 

[root@hypervisor-host ~]# qemu-img resize /kvm/vm-host.img +10G

 

5. Start VM    
 

[root@hypervisor-host ~]# virsh start vm-host


7. Check the LVM and block devices on HVs (not necessery but good for an overview)
 

[root@hypervisor-host ~]# pvs
  PV         VG   Fmt  Attr PSize   PFree 
  /dev/sda2  vg00 lvm2 a–  277.87g 19.87g
  
[root@hypervisor-host ~]# vgs
  VG   #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize   VFree 
  vg00   1  11   0 wz–n- 277.87g 19.87g

 

[root@hypervisor-host ~]# lsblk 
NAME               MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda                  8:0    0 278.9G  0 disk 
├─sda1               8:1    0     1G  0 part /boot
└─sda2               8:2    0 277.9G  0 part 
  ├─vg00-root      253:0    0    15G  0 lvm  /
  ├─vg00-swap      253:1    0     1G  0 lvm  [SWAP]
  ├─vg00-var       253:2    0     5G  0 lvm  /var
  ├─vg00-spool     253:3    0     2G  0 lvm  /var/spool
  ├─vg00-audit     253:4    0     3G  0 lvm  /var/log/audit
  ├─vg00-opt       253:5    0     2G  0 lvm  /opt
  ├─vg00-home      253:6    0     5G  0 lvm  /home
  ├─vg00-tmp       253:7    0     5G  0 lvm  /tmp
  ├─vg00-log       253:8    0     5G  0 lvm  /var/log
  ├─vg00-cache     253:9    0     5G  0 lvm  /var/cache
  └─vg00-vmprivate 253:10   0   210G  0 lvm  /vmprivate

  
8 . Check logical volumes on Hypervisor host
 

[root@hypervisor-host ~]# lvdisplay 
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/swap
  LV Name                swap
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                3tNa0n-HDVw-dLvl-EC06-c1Ex-9jlf-XAObKm
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-08-07 13:47:45 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 2
  LV Size                1.00 GiB
  Current LE             256
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:1
   
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/var
  LV Name                var
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                JBerim-fxVv-jU10-nDmd-figw-4jVA-8IYdxU
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-08-07 13:47:45 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                5.00 GiB
  Current LE             1280
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:2
   
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/spool
  LV Name                spool
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                nFlmp2-iXg1-tFxc-FKaI-o1dA-PO70-5Ve0M9
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-08-07 13:47:45 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                2.00 GiB
  Current LE             512
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:3
   
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/audit
  LV Name                audit
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                e6H2OC-vjKS-mPlp-JOmY-VqDZ-ITte-0M3npX
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-08-07 13:47:46 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                3.00 GiB
  Current LE             768
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:4
   
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/opt
  LV Name                opt
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                oqUR0e-MtT1-hwWd-MhhP-M2Y4-AbRo-Kx7yEG
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-08-07 13:47:46 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                2.00 GiB
  Current LE             512
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:5
   
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/home
  LV Name                home
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                ehdsH7-okS3-gPGk-H1Mb-AlI7-JOEt-DmuKnN
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-08-07 13:47:47 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                5.00 GiB
  Current LE             1280
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:6
   
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/tmp
  LV Name                tmp
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                brntSX-IZcm-RKz2-CP5C-Pp00-1fA6-WlA7lD
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-08-07 13:47:47 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                5.00 GiB
  Current LE             1280
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:7
   
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/log
  LV Name                log
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                ZerDyL-birP-Pwck-yvFj-yEpn-XKsn-sxpvWY
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-08-07 13:47:47 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                5.00 GiB
  Current LE             1280
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:8
   
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/cache
  LV Name                cache
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                bPPfzQ-s4fH-4kdT-LPyp-5N20-JQTB-Y2PrAG
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-08-07 13:47:48 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                5.00 GiB
  Current LE             1280
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:9
   
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/root
  LV Name                root
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                mZr3p3-52R3-JSr5-HgGh-oQX1-B8f5-cRmaIL
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-08-07 13:47:48 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                15.00 GiB
  Current LE             3840
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:0
   
  — Logical volume —
  LV Path                /dev/vg00/vmprivate
  LV Name                vmprivate
  VG Name                vg00
  LV UUID                LxNRWV-le3h-KIng-pUFD-hc7M-39Gm-jhF2Aj
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time hypervisor-host, 2023-09-18 11:54:19 +0200
  LV Status              available
  # open                 1
  LV Size                210.00 GiB
  Current LE             53760
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  – currently set to     8192
  Block device           253:10

9. Check Hypervisor existing partitions and space
 

[root@hypervisor-host ~]# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 278.9 GiB, 299439751168 bytes, 584843264 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x0581e6e2

Device     Boot   Start       End   Sectors   Size Id Type
/dev/sda1  *       2048   2099199   2097152     1G 83 Linux
/dev/sda2       2099200 584843263 582744064 277.9G 8e Linux LVM


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-root: 15 GiB, 16106127360 bytes, 31457280 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-swap: 1 GiB, 1073741824 bytes, 2097152 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-var: 5 GiB, 5368709120 bytes, 10485760 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-spool: 2 GiB, 2147483648 bytes, 4194304 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-audit: 3 GiB, 3221225472 bytes, 6291456 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-opt: 2 GiB, 2147483648 bytes, 4194304 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-home: 5 GiB, 5368709120 bytes, 10485760 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-tmp: 5 GiB, 5368709120 bytes, 10485760 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-log: 5 GiB, 5368709120 bytes, 10485760 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-cache: 5 GiB, 5368709120 bytes, 10485760 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/vg00-vmprivate: 210 GiB, 225485783040 bytes, 440401920 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

 

10. List block devices on VM
 

[root@vm-host ~]# lsblk 
NAME               MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sr0                 11:0    1 1024M  0 rom  
vda                252:0    0  100G  0 disk 
├─vda1             252:1    0    1G  0 part /boot
├─vda2             252:2    0   88G  0 part 
│ ├─vg00-root      253:0    0   68G  0 lvm  /
│ ├─vg00-home      253:2    0   10G  0 lvm  /home
│ └─vg00-var       253:3    0   10G  0 lvm  /var
├─vda3             252:3    0    1G  0 part [SWAP]
└─vda4             252:4    0   10G  0 part 

 

 

11. Create new LVM partition with fdisk or cfdisk
 

If there is no cfdisk new resized space with qemu-img could be setup with a fdisk, though I personally always prefer to use cfdisk

[root@vm-host ~]# fdisk /dev/vda
# > p (print)
# > m (manfile)
# > n
# … follow on screen instructions to select start and end blocks
# > t (change partition type)
# > select and set to 8e
# > w (write changes)

[root@vm-host ~]# cfdisk /dev/vda


Setup new partition from Free space as [ primary ] partition and Choose to be of type LVM


12. List partitions to make sure new LVM partition is present
 

[root@vm-host ~]# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/vda: 100 GiB, 107374182400 bytes, 209715200 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0xe7b2d9fd

Device     Boot     Start       End   Sectors Size Id Type
/dev/vda1  *         2048   2099199   2097152   1G 83 Linux
/dev/vda2         2099200 186646527 184547328  88G 8e Linux LVM
/dev/vda3       186646528 188743679   2097152   1G 82 Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/vda4       188743680 209715199  20971520  10G 8e Linux LVM

The extra added 10 Giga is seen under /dev/vda4.
  — Physical volume —
  PV Name               /dev/vda4
  VG Name               vg01
  PV Size               10.00 GiB / not usable 4.00 MiB
  Allocatable           yes (but full)
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              2559
  Free PE               0
  Allocated PE          2559
  PV UUID               yvMX8a-sEka-NLA7-53Zj-fFdZ-Jd2K-r0Db1z
   
  — Physical volume —
  PV Name               /dev/vda2
  VG Name               vg00
  PV Size               <88.00 GiB / not usable 3.00 MiB
  Allocatable           yes (but full)
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              22527
  Free PE               0
  Allocated PE          22527
  PV UUID               i4UpGr-h9Cd-iKBu-KqEI-15vK-CGc1-DwRPj8
   
[root@vm-host ~]# 

 

13. List LVM Physical Volumes
 

[root@vm-host ~]# pvdisplay 
  — Physical volume —
  PV Name               /dev/vda2
  VG Name               vg00
  PV Size               <88.00 GiB / not usable 3.00 MiB
  Allocatable           yes (but full)
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              22527
  Free PE               0
  Allocated PE          22527
  PV UUID               i4UpGr-h9Cd-iKBu-KqEI-15vK-CGc1-DwRPj8

 


  
  Notice the /dev/vda4 is not seen in pvdisplay (Physical Volume display command) because not created yet, so lets create it.
 

14. Initialize new Physical Volume to be available for use by LVM
 

[root@vm-host ~]# pvcreate /dev/vda4


15. Inform the OS for partition table changes
 

If partprobe is not available as command on the host, below obscure command should do the trick.
 

[root@vm-host ~]# echo "- – -" | tee /sys/class/scsi_host/host*/scan

However usually, better to use partprobe to inform the Operating System of partition table changes

[root@vm-host ~]# partprobe


16. Use lsblk again to see the new /dev/vda4 LVM is listed into "vda" root block device
 

[root@vm-host ~]# 
[root@vm-host ~]# lsblk
NAME          MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sr0            11:0    1 1024M  0 rom  
vda           252:0    0  100G  0 disk 
├─vda1        252:1    0    1G  0 part /boot
├─vda2        252:2    0   88G  0 part 
│ ├─vg00-root 253:0    0   68G  0 lvm  /
│ ├─vg00-home 253:1    0   10G  0 lvm  /home
│ └─vg00-var  253:2    0   10G  0 lvm  /var
├─vda3        252:3    0    1G  0 part [SWAP]
└─vda4        252:4    0   10G  0 part 
[root@vm-host ~]# 


17. Create new Volume Group (VG) on /dev/vda4 block device
 

Before creating a new VG, list what kind of VG is on the machine to be sure the new created one will not be already present.
 

[root@vm-host ~]# vgdisplay 
  — Volume group —
  VG Name               vg00
  System ID             
  Format                lvm2
  Metadata Areas        1
  Metadata Sequence No  4
  VG Access             read/write
  VG Status             resizable
  MAX LV                0
  Cur LV                3
  Open LV               3
  Max PV                0
  Cur PV                1
  Act PV                1
  VG Size               <88.00 GiB
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              22527
  Alloc PE / Size       22527 / <88.00 GiB
  Free  PE / Size       0 / 0   
  VG UUID               oyo1oY-saSm-0IKk-gZnf-Knwz-utO7-Aw8c60

vg00 is existing only, so we can use vg01 as a Volume Group name for the new volume group where the fresh 10GB LVM partition will lay

[root@vm-host ~]# vgcreate vg01 /dev/vda4
  Volume group "vg01" successfully created

 

18. Create new Logical Volume (LV) and extend it to occupy the full space available on Volume Group vg01

 

 

[root@vm-host ~]# lvcreate -n commvault -l 100%FREE vg01
  Logical volume "commvault" created.

  An alternative way to create the same LV is by running:

lvcreate -n commvault -L 10G vg01


19. Relist block devices with lsblk to make sure the new created Logical Volume commvault is really present and seen, in case of it missing re-run again partprobe cmd
 

[root@vm-host ~]# lsblk 
NAME               MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sr0                 11:0    1 1024M  0 rom  
vda                252:0    0  100G  0 disk 
├─vda1             252:1    0    1G  0 part /boot
├─vda2             252:2    0   88G  0 part 
│ ├─vg00-root      253:0    0   68G  0 lvm  /
│ ├─vg00-home      253:1    0   10G  0 lvm  /home
│ └─vg00-var       253:2    0   10G  0 lvm  /var
├─vda3             252:3    0    1G  0 part [SWAP]
└─vda4             252:4    0   10G  0 part 
  └─vg01-commvault 253:3    0   10G  0 lvm  

 

As it is not mounted yet, the VG will be not seen in df free space but will be seen as a volume group with vgdispaly
 

[root@vm-host ~]# df -h
Filesystem                  Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
devtmpfs                    2.8G     0  2.8G   0% /dev
tmpfs                       2.8G   33M  2.8G   2% /dev/shm
tmpfs                       2.8G   17M  2.8G   1% /run
tmpfs                       2.8G     0  2.8G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/mapper/vg00-root        67G  2.4G   61G   4% /
/dev/mapper/vg00-var        9.8G 1021M  8.3G  11% /var
/dev/mapper/vg00-home       9.8G   24K  9.3G   1% /home
/dev/vda1                   974M  242M  665M  27% /boot
tmpfs                       569M     0  569M   0% /run/user/0

 

[root@vm-host ~]# vgdisplay 
  — Volume group —
  VG Name               vg01
  System ID             
  Format                lvm2
  Metadata Areas        1
  Metadata Sequence No  2
  VG Access             read/write
  VG Status             resizable
  MAX LV                0
  Cur LV                1
  Open LV               0
  Max PV                0
  Cur PV                1
  Act PV                1
  VG Size               <10.00 GiB
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              2559
  Alloc PE / Size       2559 / <10.00 GiB
  Free  PE / Size       0 / 0   
  VG UUID               nYP0tv-IbFw-fBVT-slBB-H1hF-jD0h-pE3V0S
   
  — Volume group —
  VG Name               vg00
  System ID             
  Format                lvm2
  Metadata Areas        1
  Metadata Sequence No  4
  VG Access             read/write
  VG Status             resizable
  MAX LV                0
  Cur LV                3
  Open LV               3
  Max PV                0
  Cur PV                1
  Act PV                1
  VG Size               <88.00 GiB
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              22527
  Alloc PE / Size       22527 / <88.00 GiB
  Free  PE / Size       0 / 0   
  VG UUID               oyo1oY-saSm-0IKk-gZnf-Snwz-utO7-Aw8c60
  


20. Create new ext4 filesystem on the just created vg01-commvault   
 

[root@vm-host ~]# mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/vg01-commvault 

[root@vm-host ~]# mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/vg01-commvault 
mke2fs 1.45.6 (20-Mar-2020)
Discarding device blocks: done                            
Creating filesystem with 2620416 4k blocks and 655360 inodes
Filesystem UUID: 1491d8b1-2497-40fe-bc40-5faa6a2b2644
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
        32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632

Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Creating journal (16384 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done 


21. Mount vg01-commvault into /opt directory
 

[root@vm-host ~]# mkdir -p /opt/

[root@vm-host ~]# mount /dev/mapper/vg01-commvault /opt/


22. Check mount is present on VM guest OS
 

[root@vm-host ~]# mount|grep -i /opt
/dev/mapper/vg01-commvault on /opt type ext4 (rw,relatime)
[root@vm-host ~]# 

[root@vm-host ~]# df -h|grep -i opt
/dev/mapper/vg01-commvault  9.8G   24K  9.3G   1% /opt
[root@vm-host ~]# 
 

23. Add vg01-commvault to be auto mounted via /etc/fstab on next Virtual Machine reboot
 

[root@vm-host ~]# echo '/dev/mapper/vg01-commvault /opt         ext4            defaults        1        2' >> /etc/fstab

[root@vm-host ~]# rpm -ivh commvault-fs.Instance001-11.0.0-80.240.0.3589820.240.4083067.el8.x86_64.rpm

[root@vm-host ~]# systemctl status commvault
● commvault.Instance001.service – commvault Service
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/commvault.Instance001.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Fri 2023-11-10 15:13:59 CET; 27s ago
  Process: 9972 ExecStart=/opt/commvault/Base/Galaxy start direct -focus Instance001 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
    Tasks: 54
   Memory: 155.5M
   CGroup: /system.slice/commvault.Instance001.service
           ├─10132 /opt/commvault/Base/cvlaunchd
           ├─10133 /opt/commvault/Base/cvd
           ├─10135 /opt/commvault/Base/cvfwd
           └─10137 /opt/commvault/Base/ClMgrS

Nov 10 15:13:57 vm-host.ffm.de.int.atosorigin.com systemd[1]: Starting commvault Service…
Nov 10 15:13:58 vm-host.ffm.de.int.atosorigin.com Galaxy[9972]: Cleaning up /opt/commvault/Base/Temp …
Nov 10 15:13:58 vm-host.ffm.de.int.atosorigin.com Galaxy[9972]: Starting Commvault services for Instance001 …
Nov 10 15:13:59 vm-host.ffm.de.int.atosorigin.com Galaxy[9972]: [22B blob data]
Nov 10 15:13:59 vm-host.ffm.de.int.atosorigin.com systemd[1]: Started commvault Service.
[root@vm-host ~]# 

 

24. Install Commvault backup client RPM in new mounted LVM under /opt

[root@vm-host ~]#  rpm -ivh commvault.rpm

How to check Linux OS install date / How long ago was Linux installed

Sunday, October 22nd, 2017

If you're sysadmin who inherited a few hundreds of Linux machines from a previous admin and you're in process of investigating how things were configured by the previous administrator one of the crucial things to find out might be

How Long ago was Linux installed?

Here is how to check the Linux OS install date.

The universal way nomatter the Linux distribution is to use fullowing command:

 

root@pcfreak:~# tune2fs -l /dev/sda1 | grep 'Filesystem created:'
Filesystem created:       Thu Sep  6 21:44:22 2012

 

 

Above command assumes the Linux's root partition / is installed on /dev/sda1 however if your case is different, e.g. the primary root partition is installed on /dev/sda2 or /dev/sdb1 / dev/sdb2 etc. just place the right first partition into the command.

If primary install root partition is /dev/sdb1 for example:
 

root@pcfreak:~# tune2fs -l /dev/sdb1 | grep 'Filesystem created:'

 


To find out what is the root partition of the Linux server installed use fdisk command:

 

 

 

root@pcfreak:~# fdisk -l

 

Disk /dev/sda: 465,8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x00051eda

Device     Boot     Start       End   Sectors   Size Id Type
/dev/sda1  *         2048 965193727 965191680 460,2G 83 Linux
/dev/sda2       965195774 976771071  11575298   5,5G  5 Extended
/dev/sda5       965195776 976771071  11575296   5,5G 82 Linux swap / Solaris

Disk /dev/sdb: 111,8 GiB, 120034123776 bytes, 234441648 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

 


Other ways to check the Linux OS install date on Debian / Ubuntu / Mint etc. deb. based GNU / Linux

 


Deban based Linux distributions do create an initial /var/log/installer directory containing various install information such as hardware-summary, partition, initial installed deb packages, exact version of Linux distribution, and the way it was installed either it was installed from an ISO image, or it was network install etc.

 

root@pcfreak:~# ls -al /var/log/installer/
total 1228
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root   4096 sep  6  2012 ./
drwxr-xr-x 72 root root  12288 окт 22 06:26 ../
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root   4096 sep  6  2012 cdebconf/
-rw-r–r–  1 root root  17691 sep  6  2012 hardware-summary
-rw-r–r–  1 root root    163 sep  6  2012 lsb-release
-rw——-  1 root root 779983 sep  6  2012 partman
-rw-r–r–  1 root root  51640 sep  6  2012 status
-rw——-  1 root root 363674 sep  6  2012 syslog

 

If those directory is missing was wiped out by the previous administrator, to clear up traces of his previous work before he left job another possible way to find out exact install date is to check timestamp of /lost+found directory;
 

root@pcfreak:~# ls -ld /lost+found/
drwx—— 2 root root 16384 sep  6  2012 /lost+found//

 

Check OS Linux install date on (Fedora, CentOS, Scientific Linux, Oracle and other Redhat RPM based Distros)

 

[root@centos: ~]# rpm -qi basesystem
Name        : basesystem
Version     : 10.0
Release     : 7.el7
Architecture: noarch
Install Date: Mon 02 May 2016 19:20:58 BST
Group       : System Environment/Base
Size        : 0
License     : Public Domain
Signature   : RSA/SHA256, Tue 01 Apr 2014 14:23:16 BST, Key ID     199e2f91fd431d51
Source RPM  : basesystem-10.0-7.el7.src.rpm
Build Date  : Fri 27 Dec 2013 17:22:15 GMT
Build Host  : ppc-015.build.eng.bos.redhat.com
Relocations : (not relocatable)
Packager    : Red Hat, Inc. <http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla>
Vendor      : Red Hat, Inc.
Summary     : The skeleton package which defines a simple Red Hat Enterprise Linux system
Description :
Basesystem defines the components of a basic Red Hat Enterprise Linux
system (for example, the package installation order to use during
bootstrapping). Basesystem should be in every installation of a system,
and it should never be removed.